Pediatric Oncology

Pediatric oncology is the branch of medicine deals with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in children. Globally, it is estimated that childhood cancer has a mortality rate of about 96,000 per year out of more than 175,000 affected children. In developed countries, childhood cancer has a mortality of approximately 20% of cases and it is 80-90% in the underdeveloped countries.

The most common cancers in children are

  • Brain tumors (18%)
  • Leukemia (32%)
  • Lymphomas (11%)

Other, less common childhood cancers are

  • Neuroblastoma (6%)
  • Wilms tumor (5%)
  • Retinoblastoma (3%)
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (4%)
  • Germ cell tumors (5%)
  • Childhood rhabdomyosarcoma (3%)
  • Osteosarcoma (3%)
  • Ewing sarcoma (1%)
  • Pleuropulmonary blastoma (lung or pleural cavity)
  • Hepatoblastoma and hepatocellular carcinoma

Global Organizations that focused on childhood cancer and/or support programs include:

  • Childhood Cancer Canada
  • CLIC Sargent and the Children's Cancer
  • Leukaemia Group (United Kingdom)
  • Child Cancer Foundation (New Zealand)
  • Children's Cancer Recovery Foundation (United States)
  • American Childhood Cancer Organization(United States)
  • Childhood Cancer Support (Australia)
  • The Hayim Association (in Israel)

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