Child Trauma and Pain

Child Trauma is a sudden onset action for unexpected things especially bad things that will result by giving a lot of pain in the head or neck region. It may be in the form of migraines, tension-type headaches, and cluster headaches. A prolonged severe headache may lead to an increased risk of depression. In general, the symptoms and diagnosis process of headaches in children is almost similar to that of adults.

Approximately 1% of children who visit the emergency department are for headaches. Only 4-7% of kids with a headache have serious effects. The most common type of headaches seen in children is a post-traumatic headache, headaches caused by cold, brain abscesses, brain bleeds, meningitis, and ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunction.

  • Pain medications: Acetaminophen and opioids
  • Antidepressants: Antidepressants such as dopamine and serotonin, which affect the neurotransmitters in the brain.
  • Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA): Children who are 4-6 years old can use it with the help of a nurse or parent.
  • Epidural analgesia: Epidural analgesia can be performed during major surgeries such as spinal surgeries, abdominal and lower extremity surgeries for postoperative pain control.